当利率达到历史低点时, some investors turn to dividend-yielding stocks when in search of income-generating investments.
When a company makes a profit, that money can be put to two uses:
- It can be paid out to the company’s shareholders in the form of a dividend, a taxable disbursement typically made quarterly or monthly.
Investors track dividend-yielding stocks by examining a pair of ratios.
每股派息 measures how much cash an investor is scheduled to receive for each share of dividend-yielding stock. It is calculated by adding up the total dividends paid out over a year (not including special dividends) and dividing by the number of shares of stock that are outstanding.
股息收益率 measures how much cash an investor is scheduled to receive for each dollar invested in a dividend-yielding stock. It is calculated by dividing the dividends per share by the share price.
Investing in dividend-paying stocks can create a stream of taxable income. But the fact that a company is paying dividends is only one factor to consider when choosing a stock investment.
Dividends can be stopped, increased, or decreased at any time. 不像公司债券的利息, which is normally a set amount determined and approved by a company’s board of directors. 如果一个公司正在经历财政困难, its board may reduce or eliminate its dividend for a period of time. 如果一家公司的表现超出预期, it may boost its dividend or pay shareholders a special one-time payout.
When considering a dividend-yielding stock, focus first on the company’s cash position. Companies with a strong cash position may be able to pay their scheduled dividend without interruption. 许多成熟的, profitable companies are in a position to offer regular dividends to shareholders as a way to attract investors to the stock.
合格的股息最高税率为20%. Ordinary dividends are taxed at the same rate as federal income taxes, or between 10% and 37%. 州所得税也可能适用.
Be cautious when considering investments that pay a high dividend. 而过去的历史不能预测未来的表现, companies with established histories of consistent dividend payment may be more likely to continue that performance in the future.
In a period of low interest rates, investors who want income may want to consider all their options. 股息收益的股票可以产生应税收入, 但和大多数投资一样, they should be carefully reviewed before you commit any dollars.
Keep in mind that the return and principal value of stock prices will fluctuate as market conditions change. And shares, when sold, may be worth more or less than their original cost.
The information in this article is not intended as tax or legal advice. It may not be used for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties. 请咨询法律或税务专业人士 for specific information regarding your individual situation.
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